Gender-based physical violence is characterized in CEDAW’s General advice no. 19 on physical physical violence against ladies as “violence that is directed against a lady because she actually is a woman or that impacts females disproportionately.” 194 provided that General advice no. 19 defines violence that is“gender-based as including acts that inflict physical, psychological or intimate damage, polygyny as practised in several contexts is included through this category.
Furthermore, like CEDAW, the 1993 General Assembly’s Declaration regarding the Elimination of Violence against Women defined the expression “violence against ladies” as including:
any work of gender-based physical physical violence that leads to, or perhaps is very likely to end in, physical, intimate or harm that is psychological suffering to women…”195